Posts Tagged AWRI

Wine2030’s Terry Lee takes over as editor of the Australian Journal of Grape and Wine Research

Terry Lee

The Australian Journal of Grape and Wine Research is a publication of the Australian Society of Viticulture and Oenology. It is part of a collection of Australian grape and wine literature that the society has been instrumental in developing since its formation in 1980. In addition to the Australian Journal of Grape and Wine Research the collection includes the proceedings of the society’s one-day seminars and the proceedings of the Australian Wine Industry Technical Conferences. The journal publishes full-length research articles, short research and technical articles and review articles—the journal has also published the proceedings of conferences and workshops.

To quote the masthead of the journal, “the Australian Journal of Grape and Wine Research provides a forum for the exchange of information about new and significant research in viticulture, oenology and related fields, and aims to promote these disciplines throughout the world. The journal publishes results from original research in all areas of viticulture and oenology.” It publishes the work of researchers from Australia, New Zealand, USA, France, Italy, Spain and many other countries.

The journal was first published in 1995 and the distinctive look was designed by Adelaide graphic artist John Nowland. The first editor was Dr Peter May, retired from CSIRO and a respected viticulture researcher; Peter gave the journal a sound and highly credible footing. Peter was followed by Dr Paul Kriedemann, also of CSIRO, and Professor Vladimir Jiranek of the University of Adelaide who have all contributed to the journal having currently the highest impact of any grape and wine journal in the world. The current Editor is Dr Terry Lee and Deputy Editor is Associate Professor Gregory Dunn of the National Wine and Grape Industry Centre at Charles Sturt University in Wagga Wagga. The Editor and Deputy Editor are supported by 15 Associate Editors and a large number of reviewers of submitted manuscripts. The preparation and publication of the journal is overseen by a Journal Advisory Committee chaired by Dr Paul Petrie of Treasury Wine Estates. The journal is produced by Wiley-Blackwell in Singapore.

Terry Lee retired in 2004 from the positions of Vice President and Chief Scientific Officer of E. & J. Gallo Winery, the large family-owned winery based in Modesto, California. Before joining Gallo, Terry was the Director of the Australian Wine Research Institute (AWRI) in Adelaide for 14 years.

Terry holds a BSc and PhD in Food Technology from the University of New South Wales. Terry was awarded a Centenary Medal in 2001 and in 2007 was made a Patron of the Australian wine industry and was awarded an OAM in the Queen’s Birthday Honours List. He is also a Fellow of the Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering, the Australian Institute of Food Science and Technology and the ASVO.

Terry has always been interested in the dissemination of research and technical information in a clear, positive and unambiguous manner. This interest has been applied through the editing of the theses of his graduate students, the journal Food Technology in Australia, the ASVO one–day seminar proceedings, the Australian Wine Industry Technical Conference proceedings, the AWRI Technical Review, and the research and technical papers of his students and staff.

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Wine2030 supports the debate @ the Waite

The University of Adelaide’s Waite Research Institute is hosting the next round in its Debate @ the Waite series on 15 March 2012 on the following hypothesis: ‘The future of the Australian wine industry will be based on technology, not tradition’.

What do you think about the future of Australia’s wine industry? Undoubtedly a major success story to date but facing challenges as are all of the world’s wine producers. We are at a fork in the road – which direction do we take? What are we doing right? What are we doing wrong? What should we do to change for the better? This is a fun and engaging approach to addressing some serious issues which we hope will give you food for thought!

Six experts in all areas of the wine industry will debate its future, how to overcome challenges facing the industry, and the best approaches to prosper in the long term.

Hurry! Seats are filling quickly!!!

Follow on Twitter at @WaiteResearch or #agchatoz

The team speakers for the affirmative are:

Professor Steve Tyerman, School of Agriculture, Food & Wine and Wine2030 committee, The University of Adelaide

Dr Dan Johnson, Managing Director, Australian Wine Research Institute (AWRI)

Professor Vlad Jiranek, School of Agriculture, Food & Wine and Wine2030 committee, The University of Adelaide

The team speakers for the negative are:

Mr Brian Croser, Tapanappa winemaker and Wine2030 committee

Professor Barbara Santich, School of History & Politics and Wine2030, The University of Adelaide

Dr Sue Bastian, School of Agriculture, Food and Wine and Wine2030, The University of Adelaide

The University of Adelaide’s Wine2030 is pleased to support this event and five of the six speakers are members of Wine2030! A short bio on each is given below.

With this diverse, informed and revered line-up there will be some informative and lively debate. So come along and get involved!

When? 6:00pm – 8:30pm, Thursday 15 March 2012

Where? Lirra Lirra Cafe, Waite Road, Waite Campus, Urrbrae

Admission is free! Prior registration is essential as seats are limited. Go to http://debateatthewaite.eventbrite.com.au/

Free wine tasting and finger food provided

Bitesize bios of the speakers:

  • Professor Steve Tyerman has expertise in nutrition, salinity and water use in plants and has been teaching viticulture at the University of Adelaide for many years. His current research is driven by the implications of climate change for viticulture.
  • Dr Dan Johnson – the AWRI is a research, development and extension organisation owned and governed by the Australian wine industry. As well being the MD of the AWRI, Dan is Chairman of the Australian Wine Industry Technical Conference.
  • Professor Vlad Jiranek is a microbiologist with experience in the US and NZ. He researches the characterisation of microorganisms used in fermentation – and the findings have led to changes in selection, optimisation and management of wine yeasts by the wine industry. Recently he has been looking at the genetic basis for the preferred attributes of wine yeast.
  • Brian Croser is one of Australia’s most revered winemakers and leading exponents of terroir-driven wines. He was the founder and chief winemaker for Petaluma for 27 years, and later established Tapanappa Wines as well as a vineyard in Oregon, USA. He is an Officer of the Order of Australia for his contribution to research, education and services to the Australian wine industry.
  • Professor Barbara Santich is an internationally acknowledged expert on food history. She teaches courses on food culture and history at the University of Adelaide. She has published several awarded texts; the forthcoming book is Bold Palates: Australia’s Gastronomic Heritage.
  • Dr Sue Bastian is a researcher and senior lecturer in oenology and sensory studies. She also conducts industry sensory training, is an associate judge for several Australian wine shows, and has a small winemaking business in the Adelaide Hills.

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AWRI Roadshow Seminars – research and industry intertwined

The Australian Wine Research Institute (AWRI) and Wine2030 are physical neighbours in Adelaide at the Waite campus as well as both being part of the country’s Wine Innovation Cluster (WIC), along with the CSIRO and SARDI.

The AWRI was established in 1955 through an Act of Parliament, with the key objective of developing research outcomes to contribute to the way we grow grapes and make wine. While based in Adelaide, the AWRI is a nation-wide body and has offices in NSW and Tasmania.

The AWRI offers “science at your service” to Australia’s grape and wine industry, with a keen focus on being industry responsive and industry relevant.

On 25 May 2011, on behalf of Wine2030, I attended the AWRI Roadshow Seminar for Langhorne Creek and Adelaide Hills. This is one of a series of roadshows that the AWRI undertakes around the country in all major wine regions on a two-year rotation, and it visited this very same venue – the Langhorne Creek Bowling Club – two years ago.

At these roadshow seminars, the programme varies according to each region’s requirements – the AWRI communicates with the local grape and wine associations and gives a long and varied list of possible topics to choose from. Each seminar then is regionally specific – focusing on the most relevant issues, challenges, problems and ideas according to the people in that region.

At this event, the attendees consisted mainly of viticulturalists, winemakers, and suppliers to the wine industry. Wineries represented included The Lane, Bleasdale, Ballast Stone and Mollydooker Wines. The atmosphere from the start was interactive and inclusive, inviting any questions for discussion and feedback.

Presentations reflected requests collated by event organisers Langhorne Creek Grape and Wine Inc. and focused on key issues (full details at the end of the article): how to prevent Botrytis, and how to deal with it in the vineyard and in the winery once it is present; irrigation of vines; achieving vine balance; sensory analysis of consumer preferences for red wines; warning labels on wines; the origins of eucalyptol in wines; how AWRI can add value to your business; and features of the AWRI website – an invaluable source of information.

In addition there was a time slot allocated for a group panel discussion where the attendees were invited to ask questions about any topic of interest/concern to them. All of the day’s presenters sat at the front of the room for this session and discussed these topics and answered any questions. For example, some people wanted to know about the various methods of testing for laccase (an oxidative enzyme produced by Botrytis that must be removed from any wine); and someone asked what alternatives were available to bentonite for fining wine, since bentonite is expensive and can also strip flavour compounds, as well as lose a proportion of the wine in the process. People shared their knowledge and experiences and everyone’s input was welcomed. The researchers were keen for everyone to be involved and to get the maximum value from the day.

The day was entirely aimed at answering people’s specific queries and providing useful information arising out of AWRI research. There was also practical assistance and information about the range of AWRI’s services and its ongoing research. People were told how to navigate the website, ask questions, find references, and use the various tools available on the website, such as the winemaking calculator which is a simple, practical and extremely useful tool. All of these resources are provided free of charge to levy-paying members. This includes all of Australia’s grapegrowers and winemakers, since the AWRI is largely funded by the GWRDC – the GWRDC receives $2/tonne from grapegrowers on the winegrape harvest, and $5 per tonne of grapes crushed from wineries and the Australian Government matches these contributions.

The presenters made it clear that the AWRI aims to maximise quality and efficiency across the entire value chain for wine, right from the vineyard to the consumer. Its business model is based on four pillars: research, development, extension and education, and commercial. Research is central to its role, as is development of findings and ideas and pushing these out to industry to be taken up. The extension and education arm – including these seminars – includes presenting findings and ongoing research and inviting feedback. The AWRI receives around 6,000 enquiries/requests for assistance through the year, including any topic relating to wine, such as: How do I deal with Botrytis in my fruit?; What are the regulations for sulphur levels for wine going to Canada?; Does resveratrol have a health benefit? The extension and education role ties in with Wine Australia so that they support and complement market initiatives.

The commercial aspect is also a vital fourth cog in the machine, as research is translated into commercial applications, to be available to the industry as a whole on a ‘user pays’ basis (not GWRDC funded), as the AWRI takes on a consulting role, developing commercial applications for an array of analytical techniques.

While being extremely responsive to industry there is a push from within the AWRI to keep ahead in research and technological advancements, such as the development and application of spectroscopy to scan wine in the bottle, which has a range of industry uses as well as being a valuable research tool.

The event provided an excellent example of the two-way street between researchers and industry. These seminars not only provide attendees with an invaluable opportunity to ask experts about issues affecting them directly, and to hear about ongoing research in their industry, but also to foster networking and interaction with others in the industry, with the chance to chat and meet new people in a friendly and positive setting. We were also reminded just what a great resource the AWRI is for the wine industry right through the value chain.

Visit http://www.awri.com.au/ for more information.

Presentations at AWRI Roadshow Seminar, Langhorne Creek and Adelaide Hills:
Con Simos: “Winemaking management strategies for Botrytis and powdery mildew”; “Features of the AWRI website”
Marcel Essling: “I have Botrytis bunch rot – what can I do about it?”
Peter Dry: “Vine balance – how does it afect yield and quality?”; “How can irrigation management strategies be used to manipulate wine quality?”
Peter Godden: “Which new AWRI technologies can add value to your business?” Leigh Francis “What sensory properties of red wines drive consumer peferences?”
Creina Stockley: “Health, nutrition and other warning labels”
Dimitra Capone: “The origin of eucalyptol and minty flavour in red wines”

This article written by Dr Nicola Chandler, Wine2030, University of Adelaide.

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GWRDC and AWRI information for disease control in Australian vineyards

Australia’s 2011 vintage will be one to cause grapegrowers and winemakers both extremes of emotions. With the exception of Western Australia which has had hot and dry conditions this vintage, there have been nation-wide unseasonably wet and cool conditions.

Being involved in the wine industry in South Australia, as recently as February, everyone I spoke to was expecting a superb and bumper harvest this year. The cooler and more humid summer had resulted in huge green canopies and healthy tasty fruit. The usual problems of heatwaves and water shortages were barely a concern. 2011 was to be a year to remember. Now it will be memorable but not for the same reasons.

Disease has hit the main wine-producing states of Australia much harder than for several decades, although the impact has been by no means uniform. Some grapegrowers have lost a large proportion or even all of their fruit. Meanwhile others have coped much better, depending on their location, the grape variety in question, and the viticultural techniques applied through the season.

The main diseases of concern have been downy mildew, powdery mildew and Botrytis. All three have certainly caused problems across South Australia, with varying impacts by region. McLaren Vale, for example, was relatively disease-free until very late in the season when Botrytis kicked in, while for other regions such as Langhorne Creek and the Barossa, the Botrytis followed downy in the early part of the season affecting baby bunches and foliation, and powdery in the pre-veraison berries. The Riverland also suffered some losses due to downy prior to Botrytis. Some growers are choosing simply to dump their fruit on the ground, a heartbreaking end to what had been a promising vintage.

The good news is that many grapegrowers have followed disease control guidelines throughout the season and have sprayed to protect against disease, so a great deal of the fruit has been spared. Some growers have harvested earlier than they normally would at a lower Baumé in order to have fresh, clean fruit and to beat any diseases reaching the grapes. There is also especially good news for cabernet sauvignon lovers – people I spoke to in Barossa, McLaren Vale and Langhorne Creek all told me that the thicker skins and looser bunches of the cabernet sauvignon grapes meant that this varietal had stood up well to all disease and would be a great 2011 vintage.

Also good news is that the Grape and Wine Research and Development Corporation (GWRDC) and the Australian Wine Research Institute (AWRI) have been active in providing comprehensive and practical information for growers and winemakers in disease prevention, how to identify disease, viticultural advice to follow to minimise risks for next year, and so on. References and fact sheets are available from the GWRDC and AWRI websites. Below is a list of key references:

GWRDC Fact Sheets

GWRDC: Downy Mildew, Questions and Answers

GWRDC: Downy Mildew Monitoring (Viti-Notes) 2005

GWRDC: Powdery Mildew, Questions and Answers

GWRDC: Botrytis, Questions and Answers

GWRDC: Non-Botrytis, Questions and Answers

AWRI: Information on pests and diseases in viticulture

AWRI: Managing Botrytis infected fruit

Article by Nicola Chandler, Wine2030, University of Adelaide.

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