Archive for April, 2011

GWRDC and AWRI information for disease control in Australian vineyards

Australia’s 2011 vintage will be one to cause grapegrowers and winemakers both extremes of emotions. With the exception of Western Australia which has had hot and dry conditions this vintage, there have been nation-wide unseasonably wet and cool conditions.

Being involved in the wine industry in South Australia, as recently as February, everyone I spoke to was expecting a superb and bumper harvest this year. The cooler and more humid summer had resulted in huge green canopies and healthy tasty fruit. The usual problems of heatwaves and water shortages were barely a concern. 2011 was to be a year to remember. Now it will be memorable but not for the same reasons.

Disease has hit the main wine-producing states of Australia much harder than for several decades, although the impact has been by no means uniform. Some grapegrowers have lost a large proportion or even all of their fruit. Meanwhile others have coped much better, depending on their location, the grape variety in question, and the viticultural techniques applied through the season.

The main diseases of concern have been downy mildew, powdery mildew and Botrytis. All three have certainly caused problems across South Australia, with varying impacts by region. McLaren Vale, for example, was relatively disease-free until very late in the season when Botrytis kicked in, while for other regions such as Langhorne Creek and the Barossa, the Botrytis followed downy in the early part of the season affecting baby bunches and foliation, and powdery in the pre-veraison berries. The Riverland also suffered some losses due to downy prior to Botrytis. Some growers are choosing simply to dump their fruit on the ground, a heartbreaking end to what had been a promising vintage.

The good news is that many grapegrowers have followed disease control guidelines throughout the season and have sprayed to protect against disease, so a great deal of the fruit has been spared. Some growers have harvested earlier than they normally would at a lower Baumé in order to have fresh, clean fruit and to beat any diseases reaching the grapes. There is also especially good news for cabernet sauvignon lovers – people I spoke to in Barossa, McLaren Vale and Langhorne Creek all told me that the thicker skins and looser bunches of the cabernet sauvignon grapes meant that this varietal had stood up well to all disease and would be a great 2011 vintage.

Also good news is that the Grape and Wine Research and Development Corporation (GWRDC) and the Australian Wine Research Institute (AWRI) have been active in providing comprehensive and practical information for growers and winemakers in disease prevention, how to identify disease, viticultural advice to follow to minimise risks for next year, and so on. References and fact sheets are available from the GWRDC and AWRI websites. Below is a list of key references:

GWRDC Fact Sheets

GWRDC: Downy Mildew, Questions and Answers

GWRDC: Downy Mildew Monitoring (Viti-Notes) 2005

GWRDC: Powdery Mildew, Questions and Answers

GWRDC: Botrytis, Questions and Answers

GWRDC: Non-Botrytis, Questions and Answers

AWRI: Information on pests and diseases in viticulture

AWRI: Managing Botrytis infected fruit

Article by Nicola Chandler, Wine2030, University of Adelaide.


Comments off

Not in new media in 2011? Then not in business by 2016 (Rick Bakas)

Rick Bakas has just completed his two-week tour of four states in Australia, sharing his knowledge about wine and social media, with the title “Not in new media in 2011? Then not in business by 2016”. He is touted as the first director of social media in the wine industry and as such has a great deal of experience and expertise to share.

Rick has a background in marketing and brand promotion. He worked previously for NIKE Inc. where he managed brands such as the NFL’s Denver Broncos, New York Giants and the University of Oregon. He is now a certified sommelier and author, and specialises in strategic branding advice, particularly in food and wine industries, through Bakas Media.

Rick has an impressive record of helping companies such as St Supéry winery in Napa Valley, California, to ramp up their online and promotional activity to boost their image and expand their sales. He introduces concepts to wineries and wine businesses to help them communicate directly with consumers, for example through global online tastings, ‘tweet-ups’ and virtual tours. A range of innovative and thought-provoking examples are given below.

His successful social media activity is illustrated by his Twitter following of over 50,000 and Facebook of around 5,000.

On behalf of Wine2030, I was lucky enough to attend Rick’s event in Adelaide on 5 April at the National Wine Centre, and he also held similar events in Sydney, Perth and Melbourne, all organised by the wine industry body Wine Communicators of Australia.

Key content

While the last two decades have seen rapidly growing internet and cell phone use, with the take-up rate accelerating in the last few years, the expansion will continue in line with the rapidly evolving technology. This all means that people have instant access to information and the amount of information available to them is staggering and growing. This implies three main points:

1 We are all brand curators/stewards of legacy – everything we post online will live on long after us. For example, an advertisement in a magazine, which you may or may not notice as you flick through, and may not be relevant to you at that moment, will end up thrown away after a few days and gone forever. Its useful life is short and it is not available at the moment when it would be most useful to the customer. Online, brand messages live on, they are portable, and they are available in many forms and at the instant when the customer wants it. The marketer can tell their own story as and when they wish, through all forms of online media, and moreover, they can see the metrics of their customer base  – an invaluable tool for any business.

2 Relationships are key – a company should be wary of the balance of building relationships and pushing product promotion. It is easy to turn consumers off and lose their attention. With the inflow we all have these days of emails, updates from Facebook and LinkedIn, tweets, voicemail, and so on, the key question is how to get a customer’s attention.

Rick likened the use and evolution of your involvement in social media to growing grapes – the vines must be planted and nurtured, and only after several initial stages can the grapes be harvested to make wine. The same is true of social media. Patience is the key and you must not expect results instantly. Relationships must be nurtured like the vines.

Ultimately, this attention online can be converted into sales or an actual behaviour as in the merlot example below. Getting the message through is the key to success in marketing your product. To get the message through, you need to get the customers’ attention – and Rick is the expert in the avenues to do this, as shown in the examples below.

The more you care about the community, the more they will care about you and give you meaningful attention. Once you have attention and this is translated into sales or actual behaviour, when people support your brand they will become your brand ambassadors. This is what Rick terms return on attention – a new twist on the traditional business concept of return on investment.

3 Your blog should be the centrepiece of your social media strategy because it is the launch pad for content, be it articles, video clips, photos, discussions, and so on. Other media points to your blog and your blog is linked to your website. Blogs tend to generate more traffic than the website as the content is generally bite-sized, interactive and current.

Rick states that it is not necessary to be involved in all forms of social media but you do need to be aware that your brand may appear on them.

Rick provided some fascinating examples of how to grow your brand through social media, how it pays off over time, and its sheer power and reach. A few examples are summarised here:

Merlot sale

Soon after arriving at St Supéry winery in the Napa Valley, one tweet linking to a 30 second video on YouTube with footage of Rick promoting their merlot, resulted in sales of nearly 300 cases of this wine in 24 hours. The price was slashed from $25 to $12.50 and the YouTube video had a ‘Buy Now’ button – the deal was available for just 24 hours. Rick stressed that this only worked because the winery had been building the social media strategy for at least three months and had gained following by their wine community.

Cooperation between brands

Morton’s restaurant and St Supéry winery helped to boost each other’s image and sales in a joint promotion, as they put short videos on YouTube, and promoted through their websites, Facebook, Twitter, and so on. That month, St Supéry became their number one selling wine through Morton’s.

Growing winery sales

Through his range of social media involvement and leading a company-wide social media strategy, Rick oversaw strong growth in sales at St Supéry. For example, case sales in the first quarter of 2010 jumped by over 90% and the next quarter by over 110%, largely influenced by the social media strategy, in conjunction with some price-cutting of some wines. Furthermore, the level of attrition of wine club members over this time was half the average for the industry. So social media was instrumental in growing sales and also in retaining wine club members (retaining ‘attention’ and loyalty).


Rick provided examples of events where he has used the site Eventbrite as a tool to organise events, advertise and register members online for free. Furthermore, the site provides him with the metrics and contact details of these attendees – clearly a useful resource for any company to retain details of interested parties. He has organised events and had people pay online and filled 200 places at an upcoming event in California, while he is in Australia touring, having cost him nothing to do this, and all of the information is online, and the tickets are sold out.


Foursquare uses GPS to locate the user and has a number of applications. Rick’s example for the wine industry was to offer for anyone to turn up to the winery and cheek in on Foursquare to get a complementary tasting for two – it is not uncommon to have pay for tastings in the US. The winery can also can track where the customers originate with the brand and collate metrics.

In addition, it is possible to leave ‘tips’ at locations through Foursquare. He says you can go to all of the accounts that carry your wine (only necessary to visit online, you do not physically have to go there), leave a tip, and when someone checks in they will see this tip. For example, at a restaurant, there may be a tip saying – try our Pauletts Polish River riesling with the lemon sole for a perfect wine and food match. 


Rick showed us a photo he had taken in an airport of a poster from a bank in the US, of which you could take a picture with your smartphone, and send it to a location online to get a free book downloaded. So people can get a free book for the flight. This is another great way to get people’s attention.

The future will move just as quickly!

Rick predicts that by 2014 virtually all cell phones will be smartphones, with GPS and the internet. People will increasingly make buying decisions based on this – on a plane, in a shop or restaurant, or at a winery. The mindset is changing around buying decisions with information immediate and freely available. Marketing has to move with this.

For example, in future, we will be able to take a photo of a wine bottle, use photo recognition, and access information about it, and even buy it, immediately and through secure means. There may also be the option to ‘like us’ on Facebook, ‘follow us’ on Twitter, and whatever else is available by then.

Of course everyone is trying to build their brand online. There are ways to get ahead and get attention. Rick has so many tips – visit Bakas Media, or his blog or follow him on Twitter, and most of all, get involved and media savvy. And start today! Even now with the tricky Australian 2011 vintage you can get a step ahead – why not take a 30 second video of the winemaking, picking the grapes, telling people about the wine and vintage in advance – when the wine comes out the information is already there.

Thanks Rick!

Comments (1)